Post Columbus: The Time of Historical Ignorance or Historical Agenda?
by CW Williams
For many who have done their research on the subject of the history of the Americas it doesn’t take one very much reading to realize that there is a lot more history in the new world than we are taught in school. From the earliest that kids can be indoctrinated into the history of the continent they are taught that Christopher Columbus discovered America. They are taught that those on the old world continents thought that the world was flat. However what they aren’t told, is the truth,like in so many other areas of education in America. So the question is why are they afraid of American School Children learning the truth.
Well, one of the reasons American school children aren’t told the truth is because it would jeopardize the whole foundation of who really had the right to lay claim to America. Through church Doctrine of Discovery was the legal means by which Europeans claimed rights of sovereignty, property, and trade in regions they allegedly discovered during the age of expansion. These claims were made without consultation or engagement of any sort with the resident populations in these territories – the people to whom, by any sensible account, the land actually belonged. The Doctrine of Discovery has been a critical component of historical relations between Europeans, their descendants, and Indigenous peoples; and it underlies their legal relationships to this day^.
In 1095, at the beginning of the Crusades, Pope Urban II issued an edict-the Papal Bull Terra Nullius(meaning empty land). It gave the kings and princes of Europe the right to “discover” or claim land in non-Christian areas. This policy was extended in 1452 when Pope Nicholas V issued the bull Romanus Pontifex, declaring war against all non-Christians throughout the world and authorizing the conquest of their nations and territories. These edicts treated non-Christians as uncivilized and subhuman, and therefore without rights to any land or nation. Christian leaders claimed a God-given right to take control of all lands and used this idea to justify war, colonization, and even slavery.
By the time Christopher Columbus set sail in 1492, this Doctrine of Discovery was a well-established idea in the Christian world. When he reached the Americas, Columbus performed a ceremony to “take possession” of all lands “discovered,” meaning all territory not occupied by Christians. Upon his return to Europe in 1493, Pope Alexander VI issued the bull Inter Cetera, granting Spain the right to conquer the lands that Columbus had already “discovered” and all lands that it might come upon in the future. This decree also expressed the Pope’s wish to convert the natives of these lands to Catholicism in order to strengthen the “Christian Empire.^^”In 1823, the Doctrine of Discovery was written into U.S. law as a way to deny land rights to Native Americans in the Supreme Court case, Johnson v. McIntosh.
What all this means is that if America and American educational system were to admit or rather teach about the Vikings, Sea-Faring Civilizations, Asian Dynasties, etc…. reaching the Americas long before Christopher Columbus landed in 1492, then it could undermine the claim made at that time and could technically cause all legal land acquirement’s made since them invalid. And in such the Native Americans still left could actually have a legal case to take America Back from the sovereign nations. The truth is I doubt they would win such a case, but the point being to never give them the opportunity.
And one of the worst outcomes of the Doctrine of Discovery and expansionism is the almost total eradication of Pre-Columbus History of the Americas. This was by design as the Catholic church and the nations who adhered, to completely decimate and erase all prior knowledge and beliefs of the savages of the new world. It is taught that a majority of the estimated 100 million Natives who lived in the new world were killed by disease and the others were violently murdered by Spanish Conquistadors and Expansionism West in North America by Manifest Destiny. Of the estimated 25 million people living in Mexico alone within 80 years of Europeans reaching the shores there was only 1.3 million natives left%.
The next part is merely based on conjecture sprinkled with what evidence points towards but as of yet is not proven factual. One of the unanswered questions that is often overlooked is whether Christopher Columbus knew about land across the Atlantic Ocean. First, the obvious is that based on even mainstream educational knowledge it is widely known that Columbus flew the Templar Cross on his sails. Recent discoveries in America have all but proven the Knights Templars along with the Vikings were in America pre-1492. Quite possibly the most undeniable evidence of pre-colombian America travel is the Kensington Runestone [pic][info]. Which was discovered in the late 19th century in Minnesota. The text on the stone translates as
“Eight Geats (Swedes) and twenty-two Norwegians on an exploration journey from Vinland to the west. We had camp by two skerries one day’s journey north from this stone. We were [out] to fish one day. After we came home [we] found ten men red of blood and dead. AVM (Ave Virgen Maria) save [us] from evil.””[We] have ten men by the sea to look after our ships, fourteen days’ travel from this island. [In the] year 1362.”
In the early 21st century Forensic Geologist Scott Wolter was put to the task of using his craft of using forensic science to date geological formations and artifacts. He noticed what is called a hooked “x” and a dotted “R” on the inscription. And what he discovered was that letters were only used during a short period in the 14th century (1300s C.E) by Cisterian Monks.
So there is obviously now a scientifically sound study that as of now with the latest science proves that Europeans certainly were capable and most likely did cross the Atlantic ocean in the centuries before Columbus. So who are the the most likely people who could have came across the Sea, the Templars? Vikings? Well, it appears both……
The Templars come into the picture following their dissolution in 1307 by King Philip IV of France, the huge Templar fleet at La Rochelle, France, vanished and many Knights Templar sought refuge in lands outside of France. Portugal was one of the few places where they could find some asylum, and it is likely that the Templar fleet made a stop at Almourol castle before continuing to its final destination.The mysterious Knights Templar had an extensive sea network and may have inherited some of the maps and other secrets of the Phoenicians.
Many Portuguese explorers and royalty were Knights Templar and later Masons. Many believe that the Portuguese Knights Templar were instrumental in Portugal acquiring its transatlantic colony, Brazil.
While Portugal was an important haven for the Knights Templar, their main base of operations, until they were outlawed was southern France and Cataluna, the area of the Cathars and the Merovingian kings.
Barcelona, the capitol of Cataluna, was originally a Phoenician port and this area along the border of Spain and France has long thought of itself as Cataluna, a state, people and culture separate from the rest of Spain. The populace speaks their own language, Catalunian, a language that may have originated with ancient Phoenician.
Outside of Barcelona is Montserrat monastery, site of religious pilgrimage for a long time, probably going back even before the Christian era. It is a mountain rising 4,054 feet above the coastal plain which eventually became the site of a celebrated Benedictine monastery. It was at Montserrat that Saint Ignatius of Loyola vowed to dedicate himself to a religious life.
The monastery can be found about halfway up the steep, barren mountain. Only ruins can be found of the 11th-century Benedictine monastery and the new monastery on the site was built in the 19th century.
According to the Columbia Viking Desk Encyclopedia (1968 version), Montserrat was thought in the Middle Ages to have been the site of the castle which contained the Holy Grail. Says the encyclopedia, “The Renaissance church contains a black wooden image of the Virgin, carved, according to tradition, by St. Luke. In the Middle Ages the mountain, also called Monsalvat, was thought to have been the site of the castle of the Holy Grail.”
Curiously, Barcelona is the city where Columbus landed upon his return to Europe from the New World. Why did Columbus come all the way to Barcelona when he had left from Cadiz, a port that he had to pass on his way to Barcelona? Perhaps Barcelona was a safer port to land at than Cadiz? It is quite possible that Columbus was a Knight Templar. He always signed his name with a curious triangle and coded letters, something which Knights Templar were known to do. All Jews had been banished from Spain on the very day that Columbus had sailed for the New World. Some historians have claimed that Columbus was actually a Spanish Jew and not an Italian from Genoa as later historians were to claim. If Columbus was a Jew, perhaps Barcelona and the Cataluna area was a safe haven for him and his crew. Also, Barcelona would have been a highly likely city for the secret Grand Master of the Knights Templar to reside in.
Also following the dissolution of the Order, some of the Templars moved to Scotland, so the legend goes, and the Saint-Clair (or Sinclair) family became their protectors[^!]. The Saint-Clair family are the founders and builders of Rosslyn Chapel. Rosslyn Chapel is thought and full of evidence of among other things heresy, the esoteric and occult but its most common affiliation is to that of the Knights templar. Commissioned in 1446, 50 years prior to the Columbus Expedition it is full of symbols not commonly found in Christian Churches. Among the symbols found in the church are carvings of Corn/Maize, which is a fruit (yes, a fruit, it carries the plants seeds, where as vegetables are the seed) found in the Americas. How could the Builders know about Corn, unless they had been to the Americas. They couldn’t unless they had been there or someone else had, and brought it across the Atlantic Ocean.[*]
Below is an excerpt from an Article written by David Hatcher Childress
One of the most interesting and mysterious of Scottish characters was Prince Henry Sinclair, the last king of the Orkney Islands. Henry Sinclair, like many other nobles of the Middle Ages, held many titles and he was many things. He was king of the Orkney Islands, although they were officially an earldom granted to Prince Henry by the King of Norway. At the same time Prince Henry held other territories as a vassal of the Scottish king. Prince Henry Sinclair was also a Grand Master of the Knights Templar, a veteran of the crusades and, according to some sources, the possessor of the Holy Grail. In the year 1391 A.D. Prince Henry Sinclair met with the famous explorers and mapmakers Nicolos and Antonio Zeno at Fer Island, which is located between the Orkneys and the Shetlands. The Zeno brothers were well known for their maps of Iceland and the Arctic. Prince Henry would contract them to send an exploratory fleet to the New World. With the aid of funding from the Knights Templar, who had now been banished by the Pope, Prince Henry gathered a fleet of twelve ships for a voyage to establish a safe haven for the order of Knights and their treasure. The party was led by Prince Henry under the guidance of Antonio Zeno, the mapmaker from Venice.
The fleet left the Orkneys in 1398 and landed in Nova Scotia, wintered there and later explored the eastern seaboard of the United States. It is said that the effigy of one of Henry’s close companions, Sir James Gunn, who died on the expedition is to be found carved upon a rock-face at Westford, Massachusetts. The party is said to have built a castle and left a portion of their navy in Nova Scotia. As we shall see, the famous Oak Island just off the mainland of Nova Scotia is to become part of the mystery surrounding Prince Henry Sinclair. Prince Henry and his fleet returned to the Orkneys but shortly afterward Prince Henry was assassinated in Scotland. The year was 1400 and it was another 92 years before Cristobal Colon, known to us as Columbus, was to use his knowledge of Iceland and the Zeno brothers’ maps to make his famous voyage across the Atlantic. In his book Holy Grail Across the Atlantic, Michael Bradley attempts to show that the ancient treasure from the Temple of Solomon was kept at Montsegur in the French Pyrenees, the Cathar region of France. This mountain fortress was besieged by the forces of Simon de Montfort and the Inquisition on March 16, 1244, but it is believed that the secret treasure escaped. The treasure probably included both ancient treasure from the Middle East but also gold, silver and jewellery of more modern manufacture. The Knights Templar were well funded in secret by various royalty; after all, the Merovingian kings were of the Holy Blood of Jesus – or so it was claimed. Bradley asserts that Prince Henry took over as many as 300 colonists to the New World and a literal “Grail Castle” was built in Nova Scotia – the New Scotland. So strong is the evidence for Prince Henry Sinclair’s voyage across the Atlantic with the Knights Templar that his distant relative Andrew Sinclair wrote a book entitled The Sword and the Grail in which he claimed much the same as Bradley in Holy Grail Across the Atlantic.
The Templars may have also come into the possession of some highly accurate maps made by the Moors and Turks, and in so doing, inherited the secret sea knowledge once guarded so carefully by the Carthaginians and their allies. Bradley and Sinclair claim that a special Grail Castle was built in an area of central Nova Scotia called “The Cross.” This spot could be reached via river from either side of the Nova Scotia peninsula and at the mouths of both rivers was an island called “Oak Island.” Curiously, one of these Oak Islands has the famous “Money Pit” which is a man-made shaft hundreds of feet deep with side tunnels. It is believed that there is a treasure in this pit and millions of dollars have been spent in attempts to reach the submerged bottom of the pit. It has been traditionally believed that the Oak Island Money Pit was built by pirates to hide a treasure, but Bradley and Sinclair claim that it was built by Sinclair and the Knights Templar. Furthermore, they claim, Canada was settled as a direct result of the Holy Grail being taken there. Sinclair and the Templars were attempting to create the prophesied “New Jerusalem” in the New World.
Below is The New Port Tower found in New Port, Rhode Island. It is dated to the 15th century, burned in 16th century and rebuilt in the 17th century. Another piece of the Templar Puzzle in America?
Among the Lands who owe their namesake to the vikings are Greenland, Iceland and Newfoundland, Canada which is where our next evidence of pre-Colombian visits from Europe takes us. The picture below is of a colony called L’Anse aux Meadows, translates to ‘Jellyfish cove’, which dates back to 1000 C.E. Again, Is it any wonder that the Vikings named this land.
L’Anse Aux Meadows. Newfoundland, Canada. Dates to 1000 c.e.
So, there is evidence that there were Europeans were here before Columbus, But does that mean that Columbus actually knew that there was land across the Atlantic? It would make sense that Columbus would need more than just word of mouth to take a chance and not worry about falling off the edge of the world.
The Vinland mappa mundi (Vinland Map) is a 15th century Norse map that depicts the eastern seaboard coast of the Americas. The map describes this region as having been visited by Europeans in the 11th century. However, Like many other discoveries, there still today is debate over its authenticity. And In 1929, a section of a world map drawn by the Turkish Admiral Reis (Piri-reis), was found in the basement of a museum in Constantinople. The map was of immediate interest as it appeared to show the coastlines of South America and Africa at their correct relative longitudes and latitudes, and the legend on the map dated it to ‘Muharran‘ in the Moslem year 919 (1513 AD), only 20 years after the official discovery of the Americas by Columbus in 1492. The legend on the map itself however, gave it an origin far older than 20 years, revealing that it was a section of a world map composed from more than twenty source maps, some drawn in the time of Alexander the great, and that ‘some were based on mathematics’ . The fact that there was no known means of accurately calculating longitude in 1513 AD led Prof. Charles Hapgood to examine the map further.
So we have established the fact that it is entirely possible for Christopher Columbus to have heard about land across the ocean, and considering he spent time on the seas, it is almost nearly impossible that someone would not share tales of land over yonder. And if we are to assume that Columbus at the very least admired the templars enough to sport their symbol, which in those times, like in todays times, you generally brand the symbol or flag of whom you work for. And if Columbus was not working for the templars he was showing admiration to them and we can conclude the only reason to show admiration on the high seas would be because he had heard they had once sailed the seas.
So with the conquest of new lands by the church, a grail legend that involves the Knights Templars, The Vikings, Cistern Monks, a possibly Jewish Chistopher Columbus, and the Native American’s possibly being the legal land owners of the Americas, is it any wonder that the education elites in this country want to stick with the nice and wonderful version of the discovery of America that we were all taught from grade school.
^ http://crcna.org ^^ http://archive.adl.org/ % indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com [^!] Author Tim Murphy [*] greyfalcon.us  Despite it being common knowledge that Columbus Flew the Templar Cross on his sails, I have to wonder whether this is some later add in that never was true but was a later creation by someone to tell people to look further into the Christopher Columbus story. It would seem that in this time of Catholic expansionism flying a templar flag would be quite rebellious. However, maybe the whole Columbus story is a front and the templars still existed commonly in 1492 enough to openly display the flag and symbol... And what is discuss above is closer to the truth.